[ROJ-TPOR] Hospital Accreditation – Concept
What is the concept of “hospital accreditation”?
There are three (3) elements in hospital accreditation, namely, the hospital seeking accreditation, the body external to the hospital granting the accreditation certificate, and the accreditation certification.
The expected positive final output in hospital accreditation is that the hospital is granted a certificate by the accrediting body signifying compliance or certain degree of compliance to a specified set of standards.
The standards may be on quality management system, on quality health care and patient safety management system, on human resource management system, on environment management system, on emergency and disaster management system, etc.
A hospital seeking accreditation from an accrediting body is done on a voluntary basis. The hospital has the freedom to choose the set of standards it wants to be assessed or evaluated on by an accrediting body. It also has the liberty to choose the accrediting body to do the assessment or evaluation.
Hospital accreditation almost always entails fees, a fee for the survey or assessment and a fee for the certificate. How much the fees are is dependent on the accrediting body.
Thus, hospital accreditation is a set of processes that starts with a hospital deciding to apply for accreditation to an accrediting body; then, the accrediting body assessing compliance of the hospital to a selected and agreed set of standards; and, if the hospital is compliant, the accrediting body issuing the accreditation certification.
Below are some definitions and concepts of hospital accreditation:
From Online Dictionary:
Accreditation is the act of granting credit or recognition.
Accreditation is a process in which certification of competency, authority, or credibility is presented.
From Joint Commission International 4th edition:
Accreditation is a process in which an entity, separate and distinct from the health care organization, usually nongovernmental, assesses the health care organization to determine if it meets a set of requirements (standards) designed to improve the safety and quality of care.
Accreditation is usually voluntary.
Accreditation standards are usually regarded as optimal and achievable.